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Research: COVID-19 Pandemic and the Attending of League 1 in England



Covid-19 has affected the ways of life globally and many people cannot interact as they used to. In March 2020, the U.K. government banned outdoor sports in England as a result of the rapid spread of the Coronavirus.

Below is a brief analysis aimed at establishing whether the League 1 matches held in February and March have led to the spread of the virus and the way forward.

Previous studies

The spread of COVID-19 has had a great economic impact, especially in sport. The public health emergency has released some literature revealing that the virus has affected industries such as tourism and sports.

During the early stages of the pandemic, research was conducted to determine what happened to people who continued to attend the football matches where this was allowed to happen. Studies revealed that the demand for viewing sports events during the pandemic remained but at a lower rate.

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The database of all the football matches that took place in 2019/20 was compiled, covering the nine tiers. This included four top divisions and the non-league football competitions. Before the government banned outdoor football events, people could attend the events despite the increase in COVID-19 cases and related deaths.

The European League tie between Atletico Madrid and Liverpool took place. Additionally, large and smaller clubs continued to participate in matches up down the country. For instance, 42 matches took place on 14th March 2020 and another 180 on 7th March 2020.

Data on COVID-19 cases and related deaths was collected based on some demographic indicators. This was aimed at analysing whether the sports attendees had any lagged effect on the death rate or case. Talking of the data again, you need to remember how Uk.EduBirdie is the best place to purchase dissertation or any other essay or academic writing requirement. It helps in enhancing the education process and continues to impress students and academicians worldwide.


There were positive effects of match attendance on the COVID-19 cases and related deaths before adding demographic variables such as age, population density, and ethnicity. The effects reduced slightly as a result of adding the control variables but were still significant.

Every extra match led to an additional six Coronavirus cases and three other deaths for every 100,000 people. The COVID-19 outbreak has had an impact on the sporting events in England, where the spread has been severe. Adding the demographic controls did not make the COVID-19 cases and deaths vary based on stadium capacity utilization. Thus, the same effects were reported whether the stadium was at 20% capacity or 90%.


Playing football without crowds has had a devastating economic impact. The Premier League clubs are cushioned by television revenues but smaller teams rely on season tickets, gate receipts, and other commercial revenue from stadium concessions. As such, many small clubs had to continue with their games despite the spread of the COVID-19. Such teams may not be able to continue with their sports activities if the pandemic is not contained.

Extreme caution should be exercised in allowing fans to resume attending matches. Some fans exercise social distancing voluntarily, but the standard way of congregating while attending the football matches can promote the spread of the virus, despite the stadium capacity.

Fans should exercise caution in the future while attending football matches. The government had started allowing fans to attend matches in England tentatively but this has been hampered by local and national restrictions.

The future of League 1

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to negative financial implications for the football clubs. Many clubs may be required to change their business model to be financially viable in the future. Sporting organisations should undertake a deep internal analysis and consider restructuring to ensure viability after the COVID-19.

Premier League clubs in England are forced to pay the broadcast rights holders £20m each due to sports disruptions. Liverpool and Manchester United are losing up to £5m every time they host a game with no paying spectators. In the post COVID- 19 era, clubs may still encounter cash flow problems because mass gatherings may not be possible as the previous levels.

Football organisations should focus on improving internal structures and proper planning. They can embrace the value of technology to enhance all the gaming activities, such as attracting “visual fans.”


Initially, the spread of COVID-19 in the U.K. did not stop football fans from attending games and this resulted in increased cases and deaths. Football fans should be extra careful while attending the matches to minimize the spread of the disease. Many clubs are faced with liquidity problems because they rely on the revenues from attendees. They may need to restructure their internal systems and embrace technology after the situation is contained.

Author’s Bio:

Vendy Adams works for a digital agency as a social media marketing specialist and a copywriter. Her first love is writing and she works part-time with an online academic writing service as an essay and term paper writer. In her free time, she likes to swim, meditate and go fishing. 

ScoopDragon Football News Network

Article title: Research: COVID-19 Pandemic and the Attending of League 1 in England

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